Cyber security is a growing industry that is still in need of skilled professionals. The global cyber security market is expected to grow from $170 billion in 2017 to $202 billion in 2023.
The demand for cyber security jobs has risen significantly over the past few years. More than 1 million cyber security jobs will be available by 2023, but less than 400,000 cybersecurity professionals will be trained by then. Cyber security is an ever-growing industry. It is projected to grow by 11% in 2023 and by 20% in 2025. This is a fast-paced career with a median salary of $81,000.
In this article, we will be discussing the top cybersecurity jobs of 2023. We will also discuss the career and salary prospects for each of these positions, as well as what education requirements are needed to become qualified in these fields.
The Rise in Cybersecurity Jobs
Before we dive deep into the various cybersecurity jobs, let’s have a glimpse of why the number of cybersecurity jobs is increasing every single day. Did you know that, according to the University of Maryland, hackers attack every 39 seconds, on an average of 2,244 times a day?
When you give this a thought, you will realize how prone any digital network is, to unauthorized access from a third party. This is termed as a cyberattack. When an organization witnesses a cyberattack, they lose data, money, and trust of their customers. To prevent these dangerous cyberattacks, cybersecurity is implemented. Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting networks and computer systems from unauthorized digital access.
With the increase in the generation of digital data, it is anticipated that cyberattacks will quadruple shortly. This proves that growth in the number of cyber security jobs will only increase as organizations will need professionals who can ensure data security. Research shows that there is a limited workforce for cyber security jobs, and the job opportunities are limitless. If you aspire to land a cyber security job, then this article will brief you on the top job roles in this field and how you can go about achieving your dream job.
Entry, Mid and Advanced Level jobs in Cybersecurity
Cybersecurity is a growing industry that needs skilled professionals to fill entry, mid, and advanced-level jobs. Cybersecurity jobs are in high demand and the demand is expected to grow by 18% over the next five years.
The cybersecurity field involves protecting computer networks and data from unauthorized access, use, or destruction. There are many different types of cybersecurity professionals with various skill levels. Entry-level cybersecurity positions require only a high school diploma or GED equivalent and some on-the-job training. Mid-level positions require an associate’s degree in computer science or a related field, one year of experience, and some specialized education courses. Advanced-level positions require a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field, three years of experience, and specialized education courses.
What Are the Benefits of a Career in Cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity is a growing industry with a lot of opportunities for growth and development. It is an industry that has the potential to be lucrative, but it also comes with a lot of responsibility.
Cybersecurity professionals are responsible for protecting their company’s information and data from attacks by hackers, viruses, or other cyber threats. These professionals typically work in teams with other IT specialists, such as software developers or programmers.
Here are some of the many benefits of this career path:
- The ability to make a difference in the world by protecting people and businesses from cyber threats.
- The opportunity to develop new skills and knowledge related to the field.
- A chance to work remotely or on location.
After completing the Post Graduate Program in Cyber Security, 61 year old Philip Jenkins was able to clear the CISSP and CCSP exams in the first attempt itself. Read about his inspiring journey in our Simplilearn Cyber Security Course Review here.
What Are the Skills Needed to Become a Cybersecurity Professional?
The skills needed to become a cybersecurity professional are varied and extensive. A cybersecurity professional needs to be able to understand the complex processes of the industry while being able to think critically and solve problems.
A cybersecurity professional needs to be able to understand how networks work, how they are built, and how they can be broken. They need to know how the software works and what vulnerabilities it has. They need knowledge of cryptography, mathematics, programming languages, networking protocols, data structures, and design patterns.
You must also have an understanding of security policies as well as legal issues such as privacy laws and intellectual property laws. They need knowledge of computer forensics as well as an understanding of defensive strategies such as penetration testing or vulnerability assessment.
To become a cybersecurity professional, you need to have the following skills:
- IT Security Expertise: This is one of the most important skills to have as a cybersecurity professional. You should be able to understand how hackers work and what they do to prevent attacks on your organization’s network or data.
- Expertise in Cybersecurity Laws: Cybersecurity professionals also need expertise in relevant laws that govern cybersecurity issues, such as the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that by 2023, there will be around 1 million cybersecurity job openings across the country. These positions include:
Cyber Security Career and Average Cyber Security Salary
Now that you have learned about the growth in the number of cyber security jobs and the opportunities the field of cyber security holds, let’s take a look at the different job roles available in this field.
There are several cyber security jobs available; the nature of these jobs varies mostly. These jobs can be categorized based on the following parameters:
- Your educational qualification
- Professional work experience
- Your area of interest. For example, some candidates are into coding and some others prefer managerial posts
- The cybersecurity certifications you hold
By analyzing the above parameters, you can choose the correct cyber security job that suits your area of expertise.
Let’s now take a close look at the typical cyber security career path and average cybersecurity salary of a few of the top-paying job roles from the long list of cyber security jobs.
Top CyberSecurity Jobs
1. Chief Information Security Officer — CISO
A Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) is a senior-level officer who ensures the complete safety of information in an organization. CISOs are responsible for developing and maintaining information security and risk management programs, and they are also required to interact with stakeholders and they brief them about the information security concerns. Usually, one becomes a CISO after having good experience in a few other cybersecurity job roles.
To become a CISO, it is preferred that you hold a computer science degree and an MBA, owing to the seniority of this job role. To reach the position of a CISO, the potential candidate must have a robust skillset. Given below are a few of the most important ones:
- IT experience
- Incident management and supervisory skills
- Business expertise
- Strong communication and presentation skills
- Risk management
Most of the cybersecurity jobs require you to hold the relevant cybersecurity certifications. Your cybersecurity career grows with the number of certifications you have. To become a CISO, the preferred certifications are — Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) and Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP).
According to PayScale, the average annual cybersecurity salary of a CISO in the United States is $166,329, and in India, it is ₹2,300,785.
Moving on, we will explore the next key position in the world of cybersecurity.
2. Security Architect
A Security Architect is responsible for designing robust security structures that are used to prevent malware attacks. They perform vulnerability tests and also provide technical assistance to the other security team members.
Security Architect Skills
To become a security architect, it is preferred that you hold a degree in computer science or information technology. A couple of essential skills are:
- Strong IT experience
- Experience in the risk management sector
- Network hardware configuration
- Knowledge of security protocols and cryptography
- Analytical and problem-solving skills
- Strong communication and presentation skills
Security Architect Certifications
To become a security architect, the certifications which will benefit your career are CompTIA Security+ and CISSP (Certified Information Systems Security Professional).
Security Architect Salary
According to PayScale, the average annual cybersecurity salary in this job role in the United States is $125,630, and in India, it is ₹2,151,258.
That was all about the security architect position, let’s now take a look at the next job role in our list.
3. Cybersecurity Engineer
Cybersecurity Engineers work on planning security measures to prevent the organization from a cyberattack. They are responsible for protecting the organization’s networks and data. They design cybersecurity platforms and also collaborate with the other teams to maintain overall security.
Cybersecurity Engineer Skills
To become a cybersecurity engineer, the first step is to have a degree in information technology or computer science. Before starting on the role of a cybersecurity engineer, you should have at least two years of work experience in the relevant field. In addition to these, let’s look at the other skills a cybersecurity engineer must have:
- Good networking skills
- An understanding of architecture and management of operating systems
- Knowledge of C, C++ is required. Python and Java knowledge is also essential
- Strong communication and presentation skills
Cybersecurity Engineer Certifications
A cybersecurity engineer can hold either a Certified Ethical Hacker certification or a CompTIA Security+ certification. Depending on the experience level, one can take up advanced certifications as well.
Cybersecurity Engineer Salary
According to PayScale, the average annual cybersecurity salary of a cybersecurity engineer in the United States is $97,607 and is ₹683,339 in India.
Now, let’s move to the next role in the list of cybersecurity jobs.
4. Malware Analyst
A malware analyst identifies and examines cyber threats such as viruses, worms, bots, and trojans to understand their nature. They develop malware protection tools, and finally, they document the methods to avoid malware threats.
Malware Analyst Skills
To become a malware analyst, just like the other cybersecurity jobs, the first step is to have a degree in information technology or computer science. It’s good to have at least two years of work experience in the relevant field before becoming a malware analyst. Few other skills a malware analyst should possess are:
- Candidates must know Windows, Linux, UNIX operating systems
- Sound knowledge of C and C++ is needed
- Usage of tools like IDA Pro, OllyDbg, RegShot, and TCP view is required
- Strong communication and presentation skills
Malware Analyst Certifications
Holding a GIAC Reverse Engineering Malware (GREM) certification is a plus for point for this position.
Malware Analyst Salary
According to PayScale, the average annual cybersecurity salary of malware analysts in the United States is $92,880. According to Glassdoor, it is ₹5L in India.
Fig: Malware Analyst average annual salary in the US
That was all about the malware analyst role, moving on to our next designation.
5. Penetration Tester
A penetration tester, also commonly known as an ethical hacker, is a network security consultant who exploits a system’s vulnerabilities just like a hacker would. They design new penetration tools, and they also document the test results.
Penetration Tester Skills
To become a penetration tester, you need to have 1- 4 years of experience in information security. Given below are some other essential skills:
- Good networking skills
- Knowledge of Windows, Linux, UNIX operating systems. Also, knowledge of C, C++ is required
- Knowledge of Java, Python, and Perl is also vital
- Black box testing
- Strong reporting, communication and presentation skills
Penetration Tester Certifications
To bag this role, certifications like Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Certified Expert Penetration Tester (CEPT), and Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP) will be required.
Penetration Tester Salary
According to PayScale, the average annual cybersecurity salary of a penetration tester in the United States is $125,630, and in India, it is ₹2,151,258.
Now that you have understood what a penetration tester does, let’s take a look at the next job role in our list of cybersecurity jobs.
6. Computer Forensics Analyst
Computer Forensics Analysts work on cyberattack cases to gather digital evidence and to retrieve data. They work on recovering deleted, manipulated, or stolen data.
Computer Forensics Analyst Skills
A computer forensics analyst must hold a bachelor’s degree and some work experience in the related field. In addition to that, they must have the following skills:
- Networking knowledge
- Knowledge of cybersecurity
- Understanding of law and criminal investigation
- A sound analytical mind with attention to detail
- Strong communication skills
Computer Forensics Analyst Certifications
Computer forensics analysts can hold certifications like Certified Forensic Computer Examiner (CFCE) and Certified Computer Examiner (CCE)
Computer Forensics Analyst Salary
According to PayScale, the average annual cybersecurity salary of a computer forensics analyst in the United States is $75,120 and is ₹700,000 in India.
Now that we had a look at the different cybersecurity jobs let’s understand how Simplilearn can help you bag one of these top jobs.
7. Application Security Engineer
The application security engineer is the one who creates, implements, and maintains the security of a company’s applications. They are responsible for designing and implementing policies that will protect against both internal and external threats.
A typical day for an application security engineer starts with reviewing the previous day’s findings and fixing any bugs or vulnerabilities found. After this, they will collaborate with other engineers to plan the next day’s work.
The salary for an application security engineer can vary depending on what company they work for and how much experience they have. The average salary ranges from $78,000 to $116,000, but it can go up to $150,000 if you are a senior-level engineer or have more than ten years of experience.
8. Cloud Security Specialist
Because of the increased reliance on the cloud, cloud security specialists are in high demand and will remain so in the future. The role of a cloud security specialist is to protect data, systems, and networks from cyber-attacks. They do this by analyzing threats and vulnerabilities, implementing safeguards, monitoring networks for intrusions, and overseeing compliance with regulations.
Cloud security specialists are responsible for ensuring the safety of data stored on a cloud server. They design and implement policies and procedures that protect data from unauthorized access, alteration, or disclosure. The salary for a cloud security specialist varies depending on their experience level. An entry-level salary ranges from $50K-$60K annually, while an experienced worker can expect to make $90K-$110K annually.
9. Database Administrator
A database administrator is a person who manages and monitors the database. They are responsible for designing, creating, and maintaining the database. Database administrators also need to ensure data protection and security of the data in the database. Database Administrators are vital for the smooth functioning of any organization. They are responsible for making sure that the databases are running efficiently and securely. Database administrators need to have a good understanding of databases, IT infrastructure, and programming languages. This role is in high demand and has a high salary.
The average salary of a database administrator ranges from $50,000 to $200,000 depending on their expertise level.
10. Incident Manager
An incident manager is a person who is responsible for managing and resolving incidents. They are called in when an incident arises, and they are the ones who will fix it. The most important aspect of this job is that they need to be able to handle all kinds of situations, which means they need to be able to think on their feet. The salary of an incident manager depends on the company they work for, location and experience. However, an average incident manager salary is around $65,000 per year.
1. Which are the highest-paying cyber security jobs?
Security Solutions Architect. Annual salary range: $156,500-$194,500.
2. Which job is best in cybersecurity?
It depends on your skills and interests.
3. What cybersecurity jobs are in demand?
Jobs for computer network architects, and computer systems administrators are in demand.
4. Which country has the highest demand for cybersecurity jobs?
Singapore has the highest demand for cybersecurity jobs.
5. Is cybersecurity a Good career?
Cybersecurity is a great career right now, as Professionals are in high demand.
How Can Simplilearn Help You?
We explored the prominence of various job roles in the field of cyber security in today’s times. Now, let’s understand how one can land one of these jobs. It is important to remember that cyber security certifications are of paramount importance if you want to become a cyber security professional. If you hold a good cyber security certification, then your opportunities and your visibility increase dramatically.
Employers look for candidates who possess cybersecurity certifications. Depending on your experience and expertise, you can pick up the right certification for yourself. Simplilearn offers a list of cybersecurity certifications like CEH (v10), CISSP, CISA, and CISM, to name a few.
Simplilearn also offers a Post Graduate Program in Cyber Security, which will equip you with the skills you need to become an expert in the cybersecurity domain. This course provides foundational, intermediate, and advanced security skills through industry-leading certification courses, including CompTIA Security+, CEH, CISM, CISSP, and CCSP.
There are no prerequisites to take up this program; however, knowledge of any programming language is a big plus.